NBI certifies HIT 2021

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The Homicide Investigation Training (HIT) is an initiated program of the National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM) Regional Office 1 in partnership with National Bureau of Investigation Region 1 as the certifying body. The training was designed to widen, enhance or upscale the knowledge, build capacities and skills of the law enforcement agents and investigation practitioners on homicide investigation and scene of the crime procedure to come up with an in-depth and successful investigation report and skilled homicide investigators.

The training was composed of topics, discussions and interactions, practical application activities/exercises and report preparation in a 4-day period from the launching (2 June 2021) up to the culminating (7 June 2021) with 16 total cumulative training hours.

On 2 June 2021, the Regional Office launched this initiated program at 1:30 PM which was participated by 102 participants from various government agencies including members of the Philippine National Police – Police Regional Office 1, Police Provincial Offices, City/Municipal Police Stations,  Regional Mobile Force Battalion, Regional Training Center 1 and National Capital Region Police Office, National Support Units – Regional Maritime Unit 1 and Regional Highway Patrol Group 1, Armed Forces of the Philippines – 580th Aircraft Control and Warning Wing of Philippine Air Force, Philippine Army and Philippine Navy, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology Region 1, Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency – Region 1, Philippine Coast Guard, National Bureau of Investigation Region 1, Rosario Bautista Medical Hospital, and employees of NAPOLCOM – IMIS, Region 1, National Capital Region, Region 2 and Region 3.

During the launching program, Ms. Vanessa C. Aquino led the invocation followed by the acknowledgement of participants by Ms. Cecile Joy C. Ofiana. Mr. Gerald A. Jularbal, Acting Chief of Administrative Division formally welcomed the participants and delivered his short message. After which, Atty. Allan D. Ancheta, Chief of Technical Services Division, introduced the Guest of Honor and Speaker, Atty. Angelito DLP. Magno, Regional Director of National Bureau of Investigation Region 1.

In his speech, Atty. Magno expressed his gratitude with the initiative of NAPOLCOM Regional Office 1 led by Atty. Monday R. Samson for taking the lead in the professional development of various law enforcement agents and civilians on several law enforcement techniques. He also mentioned that homicide investigators belong to the elite squad of law enforcement agencies because they are doing most of the investigations by showing investigative skills. He stressed that the abovementioned training is significant nowadays because there are still criminal acts amidst pandemic that any place can encounter.

Moreover, Atty. Magno said that technologies including CCTVs and forensic science were additional significant tools used for the conduct of homicide investigation. Homicide investigator should have the courage to face sensitive scenes either homicide or murder in order to serve justice to the victim. He encouraged Atty. Samson to provide continuous trainings or webinars to make law enforcers more productive in line with their work.

Ms. Marivic R. Marzan, Acting Planning Officer III, presented the rationale and mechanics of the training followed by Ms. Ofiana, who presented the process of accessing the OLH webpage.

On 3 June 2021, PLtCol Meilanie Joy R Ordoño, Chief Operations of Camp Crame Crime Laboratory and first Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) discussed the topic entitled, “General Overview on Crime Scene Investigation.”  She defined the different terms used in Crime Scene Investigation (CSI). She also identified the three (3) components of CSI such as: 1) First Responder; 2) IOC; and, 3) Scenes of the Crime Operation (SOCO) team wherein the SOCO plays a vital role in the success of CSI. After which, she mentioned the incidents that need SOCO Procedures, and the proper crime scene processing procedure and observance of proper physical evidence preservation. She accentuated the Locard’s Exchange Principle wherein there will be a physical evidence link between – the suspect and his environment, the victim, and the crime scene. She also cited the Golden Rule of Crime Investigation which stated that “Do not touch, move, alter or take anything at the crime scene unless it has been photographed, sketched, measured and recorded.

On 4 June 2021, Atty. Joel M. Tovera, Acting Assistant Regional Director of the National Bureau of Investigation and the second SME, tackled the topic entitled, “Death Investigation.” He enumerated the crimes against persons indicated in Title VIII Book II of the Revised Penal Code including Parricide (Art. 246), Murder (Art. 248), Homicide (Art. 249), Death Caused by Tumultuous Affray (Art. 251), Giving Assistance to Suicide (Art. 253), Infanticide (Art. 255) and Intentional Abortion (Art. 256) plus Republic Act 8049, also known as “Anti Hazing Law.”

Atty. Tovera defined homicide investigation, crime investigation and CSI. He expounded the general principles of investigation, tools of an investigator in gathering facts, qualities of an investigator, preliminary investigation, 12 stages of crime scene including: 1) Preparation; 2) Approach Scene; 3) Secure and protect scene; 4) Initial Preliminary Survey; 5) Evaluate Physical Evidence; 6) Prepare Narrative Description; 7) Depict scene photographically; 8) Prepare sketch of the scene; 9) Conduct detailed search; 10) Record and collect evidence; 11) Conduct Final Survey; and, 12) Release scene, and crime scene personnel including: team leader; photographer; sketch artist/preparer; evidence recorder; evidence recovery personnel, specialist.

Also, Atty. Tovera particularized the failure to find evidence maybe due to faulty crime scene, protection, careless search, inadequate search, limited facilities, equipment’s, poor investigation and poor technique, and ignorance. He also provided the places, time, persons and things of importance where the crime scene happened.

Moreover, Atty. Tovera mentioned the disbursement of the body according to DOJ Guidelines, Administrative Order No. 35 – Extra Judicial killings, Extra Legal Killings, Doctrine of Interlocking Confessions, Dr. Edmond Locard’s Exchange Principle and shared his experience on solving/investigating cases. He likewise emphasized that “there is no perfect crime, only an imperfect investigator.”

Subsequently, on the culminating activity on 7 June 2021, Ms. Vanessa C. Aquino led the invocation followed by the acknowledgement of participants by Ms. Cecile Joy C. Ofiana. Ms. Liberty B. Abenes, Chief of Inspection and Audit Section, delivered her warm welcome to the participants. Atty. Ancheta introduced the Guest of Honor and Speaker, Pros. Nonnatus Caesar R. Rojas, DOJ Regional Prosecutor.

Pros. Rojas highlighted that homicide investigation can result to either administrative or criminal case. He emphasized that participants must be accurate and complete in their reports specifically spot, progress and final report that could withstand whatever case will go. He advised the participants not to be pressured in providing results on cases. “The accuracy of the report will be the life of the case,” he added.

He also said that participants must make sure that in crafting the report, it could withstand the rigors of criminal investigation and trial. He also emphasized not to use the phrase, “case solved” or “case closed” because the case was just filed and many processes might happen after the filing of the case. Some cases have lack of investigation or bungled. In addition, he stressed that do not pursue the case if there is no need to file it. He also reiterated to the participants that each of them must be success-oriented which means believing on once case. When filing a case, he highlighted that it should not be neither accomplishment nor tabulation but to ensure the conviction of the suspect. He also suggested that NAPOLCOM should craft a training that is towards discipline and stress management because sometimes that stresses of the job affected the field personnel.

As a word of encouragement, Pros. Rojas advised the participants to approach prosecutors when crafting case build-up. “In dealing with media, avoid saying case solved and look your best to be more presentable,” he added. He congratulated the participants and quoted that “let our work be the investigation report, but let our report be geared towards the attainment of justice for the relatives of victims.”

Atty. Leilani P. Vecina, Office-in-Charge, Office of the Assistant Regional Director concluded said program.

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